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What Are the Different Types of Oral Health Diseases?

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Your oral health refers to your gums, teeth, and overall oral-facial system that allows you to speak, chew, and smile. Oral care doesn't just keep your smile beautiful and teeth strong; it can also significantly affect your overall general health. Most causes of oral health disease are preventable and treatable in the early stages with proper oral hygiene, along with routine dental cleanings every six months. Read on to learn more facts about common oral diseases and the importance of good dental health from Dr. Gary Kodish and Dr. Federico Perez at Kodish-Perez Dental Group in Fort Lauderdale, FL.

What is good oral health?

Do you want to know the secret to a healthy smile? Keeping up with flossing and brushing each day is essential to maintain your gums, teeth, and overall oral health between routine dental visits. Dental exams and professional cleanings can protect your family's smiles over the long term with preventive dental care services. It also means catching oral diseases, like tooth decay or periodontal disease, in the early stages, making treatment plans more successful. Drs. Perez and Kodish at Kodish-Perez Dental Group in Fort Lauderdale, FL want to share more information on how when patients don't maintain regular dental visits and proper oral hygiene at home, it puts their oral health in jeopardy.

Five oral health diseases

Your oral health is an essential part of your overall well-being and general health. Poor oral hygiene can lead to tooth decay or periodontal disease and has been linked to heart disease, diabetes, even cancer. The good news is that Fort Lauderdale, FL patients can prevent most oral diseases with proper oral care habits, such as limiting their sugar intake, brushing, flossing, and regular visits to the dentist every six months. If you can't prevent them, most causes of oral health diseases can be treated successfully, especially if identified early.

1. Tooth decay

Tooth decay, or cavities, typically form when plaque builds up on teeth and the harmful bacteria in it combines with sugar to produce enamel-destroying acid. Treatments include fluoride, fillings, and crowns. In severe cases, patients may need a root canal or tooth extraction.

2. Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, develops in stages, resulting in irritated, swollen gums that bleed and can lead to complete tooth loss. Plaque and tartar build-up on the tooth's surface results in gingivitis. Gingivitis irritates the soft gum tissue, which gradually worsens if not treated, resulting in periodontal disease. Periodontitis occurs when the gums pull away from the teeth, forming harmful pockets at the gumline, leading to infection or tooth loss.

3. Oral cancers

Oral cancer most commonly affects the gums, tonsils, back of the throat (oropharynx), or tongue. Most oral cancers don't produce apparent symptoms or signs in their early stages, regular checkups with our dental experts at Kodish-Perez Dental Group allows them to screen and detect any issues, especially if you have any of the following:

  • A lump in your mouth
  • A white or red patch in your mouth
  • A lip or mouth sore that won't heal
  • Persistent mouth or ear pain when swallowing
  • Loose teeth

4. Infectious disease

The most well-known infectious disease is oral herpes, which might cause fever blisters or cold sores. If you are having an outbreak, it can spread to others with direct contact through kissing. HIV-positive people are also more susceptible to fungal, viral, or bacterial infections, affecting their overall oral health.

5. Injury or trauma

Mouth trauma to your teeth can occur due to unsafe conditions, risk-taking behaviors, and, in some cases, accidents like a sports injury. In the event of trauma to the mouth or facial area, get dental care as early as possible. A tooth that's been knocked out can be replaced if you act quickly.

Preventive dental care in Fort Lauderdale, FL

Proper oral care doesn't just keep your teeth strong or smile looking great – it also keeps your mouth free of disease. Some oral diseases are preventable by practicing proper oral hygiene, avoiding certain behaviors, eating healthy, and scheduling regular dental exams every six months. When paying close attention to your oral care, it positively affects your overall general wellness. If you have noticed any warning signs of oral disease, seek immediate dental help at Kodish-Perez Dental Group in Fort Lauderdale, FL. Please contact our office and schedule an appointment today.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.